12 Machu Picchu Facts.
Shot list of Machu Picchu Facts:
- Continent: South America.
- Country: Peru.
- Region: Cusco.
- Languages: Quechua, Spanish.
- Altitude: 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above the sea level.
More Machu Picchu Facts.
- Fist Machu Picchu fact is that it is UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983 and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. It is a fact that Ruins of Machu Picchu is protected by the government in Peru and local authorities in Cusco region. Ruins of Machu Picchu is not only as a most famous tourist attraction in the world, but also as a national heritage site of Peru. There are people rebuilding Machu Pcchu even today, using the same technology that Inca Civilization had used.
- Rocks used to build Machu Picchu had to be transported from another mountain, over the river and up to the top of Machu Picchu, without the use of wheels. In fact there are some remaining rocks that were used to build the legendary city. On this Photo you can see the rocks Machu Picchu was built from.
- Depending on the class in the community, there were different structures. Lower class had more or less regular stones used in their structure. The upper class of houses and temples were made using technique called “ashlar“. The stones were curved with such a perfection on all sides, to match the other stones around it and even the blade would not fit in between.
- The word “Machu Picchu” actually means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain“. In fact, Ruins of Machu Picchu was named as such only after it was found. We do not really know the real name of this place, or how the locals used to call it. All we know it is where to find it and how beautiful it is!
- Stones to build the city weighted up to and more than 50 tons each. It would take more people than the Machu Picchu could accommodate. So, how did they do it? We do not really know.
- Most Inca architecture was destroyed by Spanish Conquistadors and churches were built on top of the temples. Ruins of Machu Picchu were only found by 1911, and it has survived. Gladly Inca civilization had built all of their temples on the mountains and Europeans were not willing to build churches on the mountain top.
- Machu Picchu was also an astronomical observatory of Incas, people were closer then ever to the clear skies, watching stars and learning the astrology.
- Another fact is that Ruins of Machu Picchu contains more than 100 separate stairs. Most of this staircases were curved from one entire stone. You can imagine how hard it was to do it without breaking a stone using primitive tools and equipment. The image bellow is from Peruvian museum in Cusco.
- Population of Machu Picchu was in range of 300 to 1000 people, and consisted mainly of religious elite, specialized artisans, and member os Pachacute’s linage of Inca Civilization.
- Area of Machu Picchu is around 80,000 acres and it had urban and agricultural area.
- Another Machu Picchu fact is that it has an amazing water drainage system that is working even today.
- Final fact is that Machu Picchu and Incas had special resting places for their travelers. When Incas were on their journey on Inca Trail, they had a chance to rest in a place that you can see on a picture below.
Peruvian government of Cusco region has been working hard on maintaining this tourist attraction on top of the famous mountain for many years. Restoring and rebuilding stone by stone, using same techniques that were used by Incas living over 600 years on that mountain.
Thousands of people from all over the world fly to Peru, just to see Machu Picchu.